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Where an asset is acquired by gift or inheritance, the period of long term capital asset shall be reckoned from the date when the previous owner acquired such asset and the indexation shall be allowed accordingly from the year of acquisition by the previous owner. The same method is applicable for cost of acquisition.
To calculate the long-term capital gains tax payable, the following formula is to be used:
Long-term capital gain = full value of consideration received or accruing – (indexed cost of acquisition + indexed cost of improvement + cost of transfer), where
Indexed cost of acquisition = cost of acquisition x cost inflation index of the year of transfer/cost inflation index of the year of acquisition.
Indexed cost of improvement = cost of improvement x cost inflation index of the year of transfer/cost inflation index of the year of improvement.
You can claim an exemption from LTCG, under section 54 of the income-tax Act if the LTCG is reinvested in a new residential property located in India within the specified time frames. Where the new property is purchased, the gain is required to be reinvested either within 1 year prior to sale date or 2 years after the sale date. Where the new property is constructed, the time period prescribed for the reinvestment is within 3 years from the date of sale of the original asset.
Alternatively and/or additionally, you can invest the capital gains of up to Rs 50 lakhs in bonds of NHAI or REC, within six months of its accrual and get the exemption u/s 54EC.
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