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To calculate the long-term capital gains tax payable, the following formula is to be used:
Long-term capital gain = full value of consideration received or accruing – (indexed cost of acquisition + indexed cost of improvement + cost of transfer), where:
Indexed cost of acquisition = cost of acquisition x cost inflation index of the year of transfer/cost inflation index of the year of acquisition.
Indexed cost of improvement = cost of improvement x cost inflation index of the year of transfer/cost inflation index of the year of improvement.
In your case, There will a long term capital gain of ~ Rs.20 lakhs.
The capital gain will be taxed at 20.8% i.e. 20.8% on Rs 20 lakh.
- With effect from Assessment Year 2020-21, the Finance Act, 2019 has amended Section 54 to extend the benefit of exemption in respect of investment made in two residential house properties. The exemption for investment made, by way of purchase or construction, in two residential house properties shall be available if the amount of long-term capital gains does not exceed Rs. 2 crores. If assessee exercises this option, he shall not be entitled to exercise this option again for the same or any other assessment year.
-You can claim an exemption from LTCG, under section 54 of the income-tax Act if the LTCG is reinvested in a new residential property located in India within the specified time frames. Where the new property is purchased, the gain is required to be reinvested either within 1 year prior to sale date or 2 years after the sale date. Where the new property is constructed, the time period prescribed for the reinvestment is within 3 years from the date of sale of the original asset.
-Alternatively and/or additionally, you can invest the capital gains of up to Rs 50 lakhs in bonds of NHAI or REC, within six months of its accrual and get the exemption u/s 54EC.
Such bonds shall be redeemable after 5 years. Only interest received on such bonds shall be taxable. There would be no taxes on redemption after 5 years.
Please note that in order to claim exemption, you need to invest the capital gain amount if a house property is sold. However, in case of sale of a land, entire sales consideration needs to be invested.