If you are adopting the ‘presumptive taxation scheme’, you don’t need to maintain books of account. You don’t need to get it audited.
1) Moreover, the eligible professionals are allowed to compute income on an estimated basis. There is a minimum prescribed rate for estimation. The presumptive Assessment rate for the professionals is 50% of the gross receipt.
2) eligible professionals engaged in any of the following professions:
• Technical consultancy
• Interior decoration
• Other notified professionals
o Authorized representatives
o Film Artists
o Certain sports related persons
o Company Secretaries and
o Information technology
3) All deductions from sections 30 to 38 (including depreciation and un-absorbed depreciation / allowances) shall be deemed as allowed
4) Assessee need not maintain books required to be kept u/s 44AA. • Assessee need not get the accounts audited u/s 44AB
5) If both the following conditions are satisfied, maintenance of accounts and audit are warranted:
• Income from profession is offered at a rate lower than 50% of gross receipts AND
• Total income of the assessee exceeds the basic exemption limit.
6)A person opting for the presumptive taxation scheme of section 44ADA is liable to pay
7) Any person who is eligible to avail the scheme of Presumptive taxation can opt for the scheme any time.
a person can opt out of the scheme at any time . however , if the person opts out of the scheme then he can not avail the benefit of the scheme for the next 5 years.
Suppose an eligible assessee declares his income under Section 44AD(1) for A.Y. 2017-18. Then as per new Section 44AD(4), he has to file returns for next 5 assessment years i.e. from A.Y. 18-19 to A.Y. 2022-23 by declaring his total income by applying section 44AD(1).
Now, if the link breaks in between and say in A.Y. 2020-21 assessee (having turnover below 2 Crores) do not opt for section 44AD(1) regime, then he shall not be eligible to take benefit of section 44AD for next 5 assessment years i.e. from A.Y. 2021-22 to 2025-26!
The decision as to whether this provision is to be adopted or not varies from case to case and the decision depends on the following parameters:
o Quantum of actual expenditure (i.e. not advisable for a professional having small net profit ratio)
o Interest on borrowings
o Depreciation available
o Quality of accounting systems etc.